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2018年英语四级翻译预测:传统文化类盘点

2018-12-13 10:48

来源:新东方网整理

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    2018年12月四级亚博线上娱乐平台答案》》   作文 |阅读 |翻译 |听力

  1、中国人姓名

  原文:中国人的姓名通常姓(family name)在前,名(givenname)在后。中国有10多亿个名字,所以人们即便在随意场合也可能会连名带姓地介绍自己,这是很寻常的。历史上,人名的受欢迎稈度会随着时事而变化。例如,20世纪80年代改革开放时期,“致富”成为一个名字,因其意为“变得富有”。

  参考译文:The Name in China

  In China the family name is usually in front of thegiven name. It isn’t unusual for a man to introducehimself by his family name with given name even incasual situationsbecause there are more than abillion given names. The Chinese given name has ahistory of changing with popularity depending on what events were going on. For instance,during the Cultural Revolution Hong (the color red) was very popular as it presentsrevolution. During the reform and opening up in the 1980s, Zhifu became one given name asit means “getting rich”.

  2、太极拳

  原文:太极拳(Taijiquan)是一种中国武术内家拳(the internalstyles of Chinese martial art)。它基于以柔克刚(thesoft overcoming the hard)的原理,发端于中国古代,最开始是一种武术和自卫方式。随着亚博娱乐app下载的推移,人们开始通过练太极拳来改善健康状况、增加福祉(well-being)。练习者用意念慢慢地、轻轻地移动身体, 同时深呼吸,因此有时被称为移动冥想(meditation)。中国人通常会在清晨到附近的公园练习太极拳。

  参考译文:Taijiquan

  Taijiquan is one of the internal styles of Chinesemartial art. It is based on the principle of the softovercoming the hard and originated in ancient Chinaas a martial art and a means of self-defense. Overtime, people began to exercise it to improve theirhealth and well-being. Practicers move their bodies slowly,gently and with thought whilebreathing deeply,so it is sometimes referred to as “moving meditation”.Chinese commonlypractice Taijiquan in nearby parks in early morning.

  3、中医

  原文:中医(Chinese medicine)是世界医学的遗产。中医有比西方医学 更好的治病方法。因为中医的效果和医治方式,在世界上中医现在 越来越流行了。中医起源于古代,巳经发展了很长一段亚博娱乐app下载,它收 集了治疗不同疾病的各种方法。传统中医讲究人们身体系统的平衡。这是说,一旦人的身体系统平衡,疾病就会消失。身体系统的损害 是疾病的根源。

  参考译文:Chinese Medicine

  Chinese medicine is a heritage of world medicine. Traditional Chinese medicine has a power to heal people better than the western ones. China medicine now is more and more popular in the world due to its effect and its way to heal people. Originated from the ancient time,the Chinese medicine has developed in a long time and it has collected various ways to treat different illness. The traditional Chinese medicine pays attention to the balance the body system of people. It is said that once the system of people is in balance, the illness will disappear. The damage of the body system is the source of disease.

  4、送礼

  原文:在中国,赠送礼物应考虑具体情况和场合。礼物常用红色或其他喜庆的颜色(festive color)来包装,但白色或黑色不适宜用于此。当你将礼物递出去时,收礼者(recipient)可能会礼貌谢绝。在情况下试着将礼物再-次送出去。通常收礼者在客人离开之后才打开礼物。此外,送礼还有—些禁忌(taboo)如给夫妻送伞就不合适,因为中文里“伞”与“散”同音。

  参考译文:Presenting Gifts

  In China, we should consider the specific situation and occasion when presenting gifts. The gifts are usually packaged in red or other festive colors. But white and black and not suitable in the packaging. When you offer the gift, the recipient may refuse it politely. In this case, you could try to offer the present once again. Usually, the recipient won’t open the gift until the guest leaves. In addition, there are some taboos in giving gifts. For example, it is inappropriate to present an umbrella as a gift to a couple because the word “umbrella” has the same pronunciation with another word "separate" in Chinese.

  5、文明

  原文:现代人类约公元前50000年第一次从中亚或印度来到中国。这些石器时代(Stone Age)的人,居住在洞穴中,穿着毛皮。公元前4000年左右,这些人开始种植水稻,并饲养羊和鸡。约公元前3000年,他们开始使用陶器(pottery)并住在房子里。到公元前2000年,中国人已进入青铜时代(Bronze Age),并开始用于写字。约公元前700年,中国的金属工人学会制作铁器工具和武器。

  参考译文:Civilization

  Modem humans first came to China from Central Asia or India about 50,000 BC. These were Stone Age people, who lived in caves and wore fur and leather. By around 4,000 BC, these people were starting to farm rice and keep sheep and chickens. By about 3,000 BC, they were using pottery and living in houses. By 2,000 BC,Chinese people had entered the Bronze Age and had begun to use writing. By about 700 BC, Chinese metal-workers learned to make iron tools and weapons.

  6、七夕节

  原文:自上世纪90年代后期起,七夕节(the Double SeventhFestival )开始被称为“中国的情人节”。这个节日可以追溯到汉朝,当时对恋人、女孩都是个特殊的日子。 这天,女孩会举行仪式,向织女(Zhinv)乞求智慧、技艺和美满婚姻,所以七夕节还被称为“乞巧节(the Begging for SkillsFestival)”。如今,一些传统习俗已经弱化。人们现在把七夕节当作浪漫的情人节来庆祝,尤其是在年轻人中间。

  参考译文:The Double Seventh Festival

  The Double Seventh Festival has been called Chinese Valentine’s Day since the late 1990s. The festival can be traced back to the Han Dynasty. It was then a special day not only for lovers, but also for girls.Girls would hold a ceremony to beg Zhinv for wisdom, skills and a satisfying marriage. So it is also called “the Begging for Skills Festival”.Today some traditional customs have been weakened. Now the festival is celebrated as a romantic valentine’s day, particularly among young people.

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